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Learner Grade Level Expectations

  Y/5-K 1-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

1. Task Definition

Determining the purpose and need for information in the context of the student’s curriculum related studies, Self- as well as leisure-time interests is a necessity. Directed Definition of task is the required initial step in every Individuals information problem-solving situation. Before using any other information skill, students must first be able Complex to articulate information needs. Thinkers

1.1 Define The Information Need

a. Selecting a topic. A A P M R

b. Place needed information with a frame of reference by listing questions to describe the information (who, what, when, when, why, how). A P PM R

c. Relate needed information to what they already know (prior knowledge). A A P PM R

d. Formulate the search question. A P PM R

e. Accept the search statement and continue or reject the statement, reanalyze the situation, and reformulate the search question. A P PM R

1.2 Identify Information Requirements

a. Clarify elements of needed information (i.e. Bibliographical, recreational, scientific, historical, etc.). A AP PM M

b. List key words, concepts, subject headings, descriptors from search questions. A AP PM R

c. List synonyms, alternate spellings, or truncations. AP PM R

2. Information Seeking Strategies

Examination of alternative approaches to the problems Self- acquiring appropriate information to meet defined tasks. Directed These include recognizing various strategies for searching, Individuals comparing alternative strategies, selecting strategies appropriate for a defined task, and evaluating selected Complex strategy. The result is a plan to initiate an investigation Thinkers of a subject to answer a question or solve a problem by acquiring appropriate information. Collaborative

2.1 Determining Range Of Sources Team Members

a. Brainstorming (fluency). AP P M R

b. Categorizing (flexibility). A P M R

c. Select and use a visual organizer. A P M

2.2 Identifying The Criteria For Evaluating Probable Sources

a. Appropriateness of sources (timeliness, format,

level of difficulty). A AP PM M

b. Decision-Making. A AP PM M

c. Primary/Secondary sources. A PM M

d. Variety of sources. A AP M R

e. Reliability of sources. A AP M R


Learner Grade Level Expectations

  Y/5-K 1-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

3. Location Of And Access Of Information

Together, location and access skills refer to finding and retrieving information in the library media center, beyond Quality the individual center (through networks and interlibrary Producers loan), and within specific sources. Location is the ability to find a range of information sources to meet a defined Self- Directed information task. Access is the ability to retrieve sources Learners as well as specific information from sources.

3.1 Locate Sources

a. Be able to locate physically and intellectually a range of human, print, and electronic resources of the school media center. A A AP PM R

b. Be able to locate physically and intellectually a range of human, print, and electronic resources outside of the school media center. A PM R

3.2 Identify and Operate Available Technologies


b. Audio-Visual Media. A AP PM R

c. Internet. A AP PM R

d. Network Software. A AP PM R

3.3 Access To and From Information Sources

a. Layout and arrangement

1. Identify and use appropriate subject headings

and keywords. AP PM R

2. Identify and use the Dewey Decimal System. A AP PM R

3. Identify and use areas of the Media Center. A A AP PM R

b. Find information within sources

1. Table of contents. A AP PM R

2. Individual indexes. A AP PM R

3. Cumulative indexes. A AP M

4. Searching via computer-Boolean Logic. A AP M

5. Bibliography. A AP M

4. Information Use And Assessment

Use of information is the application of information to meet a defined information task. It involves being able to identify, Quality analyze, and assess how well information meets a specific purpose. Producers

4.1 Engage Information In A Source

a. Locate information by skimming , listing, scanning, reading, viewing, using computers. A AP PM R

4.2 Assess Information Found

a. Identify relevant information. A AP PM R

b. Differentiate between primary and secondary sources. A P M

c. Determine authoritativeness, copyright, reliability. A P M

d. Differentiate between fact, opinion, propaganda, bias. A P PM


Learner Grade Level Expectations

Y/5-K 1-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

e. Recognize errors in logic . A P Complex

f. Recognize omissions in information. A P M Thinkers

g. Recognize interrelationships among concepts. A P M

h. Differentiate between cause and effect. A P M

i. Identify points of agreement/disagreement among sources. A P M

j. Determine effectiveness of format. A AP P


4.3 Extract Information From A Source

a. Effective note-taking. AP P PM

b. Classify, group or label information. A AP M R

c. Correct citing - Bibliography. A AP PM

d. Interviewing. A AP PM

e. Printing. A AP PM R

f. Circulation. AP PM MR R


5. Synthesis - The Ability To Integrate Information

From A Variety Of Sources

The ability to restructure and redefine the information Quality to meet the task selecting appropriate formats for Producers presentation to meet the requirements evaluating the effectiveness of the presentation format. Self-Directed

5.1 Organize Information From Multiple Sources Individuals

a. Summarize in own words. A A AP P M

b. Organize notes. A AP P M Complex

c. Prioritize. A P M Thinkers

d. Outlining. A AP P M

e. Visual organizer. A AP AP M Effective

f. Infer and conclude/reexamine. A AP M Communicators

5.2 Present The Information/Communicate

a. Identify formats for presenting information. A AP AP M

b. Explain formats for presenting information. A AP P M

c. Determine appropriate formats. A AP P M

d. Cite sources used (bibliography). AP P M

e. Respect copyright rules (plagiarism). AP P M

f. Produce/present research findings. A AP P M

6. Evaluation

Making judgments based on set of criteria. Two aspects Quality of evaluation are:
1. Evaluation of the information problem Producers solving process.
2. Evaluation of whether or not the original task as defined was meet. Self- Directed

6.1 Judge The Process (Efficiency) Individuals

a. List the components of problem solving process. AP P M

b. Recreate the search strategy. AP P M Complex

c. Did I follow the steps? AP P M Thinkers

d. What would/should I do differently? A AP P M


Learner Grade Level Expectations

Y5-K 1-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

6.2 Judge The Product (Effectiveness)

a. Did I complete the task successfully? A AP P M

b. Was the format appropriate? AP P M

c. Were the sources:

1. Appropriate. AP P M

2. Legally/ethically used and cited. A P M

3. Accurate. A P M

d. Did product meet the standards? A AP P M

e. How could I do better next time? A AP P M

1. Strengths.

2. Weaknesses.


7. Appreciation And Enjoyment

The appreciation and enjoyment of libraries and literature is an end in itself. It also leads to the development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.

7.1 Literature Appreciation And Selection

a. Literary forms/genras. A A P PM R

b. Authors and illustrators. A AP P P MR

c. Select personal reading materials. A AP P PM R

d. Share reading experiences. A AP P PM R

7.2 Role Of Libraries

a. Respect the library as an institution and its purpose to provide free and equal access to resources. A P MR

b. Appreciate the broad scope of materials available. A A A PM MR

c. Understand the role libraries play in information

literacy. A P MR


8. Citizenship

As members of a global society students need to know Quality correct behavior in library media center and proper use Producers of information sources.

8.1 Library Media Center Use

a. Location and use of materials and equipment. A AP PM PM PM

b. Library Media Center personnel and procedures. A AP PM PM PM

c. Care and responsibility for materials, equipment and facilities. A AP P PM R

8.2 Intellectual Freedom

a. Respect the need for varying viewpoints and diverse opinions. A A A AP PMR


Learner Grade Level Expectations

Y/5-K 1-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

8.3 Ethical Use Of Information

a. Understand intellectual ownership and plagiarism. A AP P MR

b. Adhere to copyright laws for print and electronic sources. A P R

c. Use bibliographic citations appropriately. A AP PM R

d. Abide by the district’s "Technology Code of

Ethics". A AP PM M


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